Society (1916), E. A. Bunyard (1925, 1934), Arnold (1926), Davis (1928), and Fruit- Grower (1936); as Grosse Rouge de Bordeaux by Delbard (1947); as Negro d’Espagne by Hogg (1866) and Barron (1891); as San Pedro Black by Eisen (1888, 1901) and Kirkman (1922); as Portugal Black by Eisen (1901); as Brown Turkey by West (1882) and Condit (1921b, 1922b, 1933); as Douro Black by Wright (1894) and Eisen (1901); as Fico Nero by Vallese (1909); as Ficus carica violacea by Risso (1826); and as Breva Negra by Tamaro (1948). Brown fruit with amber flesh. Commercial Varieties. Brown Turkey fig has been grown throughout the world. Figs suffer from few pest or disease issues. This one will grow wherever figs are hardy. Breba crop fair, stimulated by terminal-bud pruning of dormant twigs, as described by Hodgson (1925); figs large, up to 3-3/4 inches long and 2-1/2 inches in diameter, oblique-pyriform, sometimes elongated; average weight 105 grams; neck thick and short, merging gradually into body; stalk thick and short; ribs prominent, generally coloring earlier and deeper than body; eye large, open, scales tinted pink, even on immature fruit; white flecks numerous, variable in size; color greenish purple, darker on side exposed to sun and on the apex; bloom delicate, pruinose; meat violet; pulp strawberry; flavor rich; quality good. The "Black Mission" fig was brought to California by Spaniards and grown at the Spanish Missions. The one in the sprinkler was way more productive, although it has been very dry the end of this season. The Thompson, or Thompson Improved Brown Turkey, is identical with San Piero. Brown Turkey Fig - Ficus carica LSU Purple Fig - Ficus carica; Brown Turkey fig does well in large pots and fruits well in Northern areas such as Long Island, NY. This is different than “Brown Turkey,” which is really English/ Eastern/ European Brown Turkey or Southern Brown Turkey. It is one of the more winter-hardy varieties. 18,889, as Negro Largo; and No. The history and identity of San Piero have been reviewed by Condit (1944); from this account we glean the following notes. ‘Brown Turkey’:The classic fig for British gardens, heavy cropping, producing a mass of tasty fruit. The Brown Turkey Fig is perfect if you want a sweet fruit that you can pick off the tree and eat fresh. The only thing it can produce is male flowers that are used to pollinate the female fig tree. This is an advantage where spring frosts commonly damage fig trees. Figs benefit from the incorporation of compost or well-rotted manure prior to planting. These figs set virtually no breba crop and the second crop needs to be pollinated (caprified) by the fig wasp to set the crop. When shopping, beware of Brown Turkey figs harvested too early, which will be stiff and tough, and taste dull and flat. The "Caprifig" fruit is hung nearby so fig wasps can transfer the pollen to the "Calimyrna" fig. The first crop is small and arrives in late spring or early summer. Varieties ‘Rouge de Bordeaux’:One of the finest for flavour. It is able to survive colder winter temperatures than the warm weather figs. 11, A); flavor fairly rich. Well-adapted in California. Essentially, “California Brown Turkey” is the modern name for the San Piero variety. It is one of the best figs to grow in Texas. ‘Brown Turkey’, which produces abundant medium to large figs.This type works best in warm climates, but is fairly tolerant of cooler temperatures, too. The name refers the color of the ripe fig and the country of origin (although some experts say the origin is the gourmet region of Provence, France). As San Piero: Described as San Piero by Gallesio (1817), with the following synonyms: Corbo at Pescia, Piombinese at Pisa, Nero at Massa and Sardegna Rubicone in Lunigiana, Arbicone at Genoa, Minna di Schiavo in Sicily Fallugiana at Abruzzes, Aubique Noire in Provence, and Breva Negra in Spain. It is able to survive colder winter temperatures than the warm weather figs. Fig trees (Ficus carica), hardy in USDA zones 6 through 11, grow well in areas that provide eight hours of daily sun and moderate winters. Southern blight on fig trees produces fungal bodies primarily around the trunk. Hi Timothy, Sorry we are slow getting back to you. Illustrations in black and white by Gallesio, Semmola, Hogg (1869), Eisen (1901), Starnes and Monroe, Vallese, Condit (1921b, 1933), E. A. Bunyard (1934), Tamaro, and Baldini. Next to a south-facing wall is ideal. Serve with Fig Catsup on the side. ; If you want to freeze some preserves, leave at least an inch of space at the top of the jar. A large purplish-brown fig with good flavor. Brown Turkey fig has been grown throughout the world. This is a yellow to green, nearly seedless fig. Now most of the university collections are in Fresno and Davis, Calif. A few private collectors now have most of the rare figs in southern California. This one will grow wherever figs are hardy. Common fig trees are those usually found in homes, and they do not need another tree to pollinate. San Piero trees have been found in the eastern United States at the following places: Saxis, Hampton Institute, and Diamond Springs, Virginia; and Accomac and Crisfield, Maryland. The flavorful fruit is small to medium-sized, and is sometimes compared to the fruit of another popular fig variety, ‘Brown Turkey.’ ‘Hardy Chicago’ grows 10-15 feet tall, and has a spread of 9-12 feet at maturity. This is a larger tree requiring more space. The Title, Comments and Growing Conditions are the only required fields for General Reviews. The nutty flavor of the amber flesh is superb. Their main requirement is good sun exposure. ), nor the same as the "Southern" Brown Turkey. Brown Turkey’s produce 2 crops of figs a year. This is one of the most popular figs of all. Your fig tree looks like it could be a Southern Brown Turkey (not to be confused with Southeastern Brown Turkey). This type works best in warm climates, but is fairly tolerant of cooler temperatures, too. Confining or pruning the root system can invigorate th… Other varieties, such as Brown Turkey and Adriatic, produce mainly second-crop figs. A similar variety, the "Vern's Brown Turkey" fig, is more suitable for the Pacific Northwest. This cultivar is probably the most popular fig in the southeastern United States. ... Old Brown Turkey Fig Trees have survived single digit temperatures from time to time near the Willis family farm in southern Georgia. It is not the best tree for colder regions. See also Rolland (1914) for synonymy. According to fig sclerotium blight info, there is no cure for the disease, but you can prevent it fairly easily. Contrastingly, unlike other brown figs it will survive winters in a variety of climates. A J Downing says that the “fruit is long obovate with dark purple skin becoming nearly black. It fruits very early in the season. The best loved fig in America! My research indicates that the Brown Turkey fig is probably best. A large purplish-brown fig … SBT is believed to be a bud sport of Celeste and is a very good tasting fig that does quite well in our zone. It is a medium to large fig that is produced over a long period. Essentially, “California Brown Turkey” is the modern name for the San Piero variety. Sierra A green-skinned fig, the Sierra is also a new variety, introduced by breeders in 2006. A strong growing tree.” Offered by Goodman’s in 1903 catalogue & still offered for sale by Daley’s Nursery a popular backyard variety. California Brown Turkey. Most home garden varieties do not need pollinators. Nice …, I bought this Celeste NOT tree on sale at Lowe’s last year and planted it in ground here in Central Arkansas without any protection. Not hardy enough for the South. In its catalogue for 1890-1891, the California Nursery Company, Niles, listed Negro Largo as a new variety. Plan ahead since the sugar-coated figs sit overnight before cooking. The California Experiment Stations tested this variety between 1891 and 1903 under the names Negro Largo and Black Genoa. Brown Turkey Fig trees are self-pollinating and are hardy in Zones 7-9. In the Upper South, choose cold-hardy selections, such as ‘Brown Turkey' and ‘Celeste.' The name refers the color of the ripe fig and the country of origin (although some experts say the origin is the gourmet region of Provence, France). In the Middle South, it may freeze back to the ground during cold winters and act like a big shrub. And as far as planting it in the ground goes, I see that Alabama has zones 7a-9a so you can plant it in the ground anywhere in the state. Caprifigs. The ficus carica is cold hardy in USDA hardiness zones 7-9 making it great for the southern United States. SBT is believed to be a bud sport of Celeste and is a very good tasting fig that does quite well in our zone. The date of first introduction of San Piero into California is not known with certainty. A small tree – usually about 20 feet – the Brown Turkey fig has the typical heart-shaped, deeply lobed leaves common to many figs. Cut back the top of your new plant to force lateral growth. ‘Celeste’ produces small, sweet, purplish figs. Black Violette fig----- Celeste: hardy, smaller, very sweet fig No members have favorited California Brown Turkey. The Chiswick collection from England included the following: P.I. Or go to the Advanced Fig Varieties Search Page, DFIC 155, Abicou, Aubicout, Aubique of Provence, Aubique Noire, Black Aubique Of Provence, Black Douro, Black Genoa, Black Jack, Black Portugal, Black San Pedro, Black Spanish, Blue Burgandy, California Brown Turkey, Douro Nebra, Genoa Black, Granata, Improved Brown Turkey, Masui Dauphine (in Japan), Negro Largo (in England), Piombinese, Purple Genca, San Pedro, San Piero, Spanish Black, Thompson’s Improved Brown Turkey. The flesh is rich and sweet. 18,872, as Large Black Douro; No. Bake until slightly firm and the turkey is cooked through, 15 to 20 more minutes. Brown Turkey figs have got brownish-dark purple skin, a milder taste as compared to other figs, and therefore are significantly less sweet than the similar-looking Black Mission figs. As San Piero: This fig needs to be pollinated to set good crops of fruit. Select a sunny, protected location for planting in the ground. The flesh is bright red; excellent flavor. It typically bears two crops a year. The outside of the "Brown Turkey" fig is of course brown, and the inner flesh is an amber pink color. This is different than “Brown Turkey,” which is really English/ Eastern/ European Brown Turkey or Southern Brown Turkey. If Brown Turkey is in- jured by freezing, it produces fair- to-good crops on sucker wood the next season. For example, severe pruning often practiced on Kadota figs, grown primarily for canning, drastically reduces the amount of … Later, your main harvest ripens in early fall and is considerably larger, offering the sweetest, richest flavor imaginable. The description of San Pietro or Mecklingea by Glady (1883) conforms more with San Piero than with San Pietro. The \"Brown Turkey\" or \"Spanish Mission\" fig is an easy fig to grow. They are actually an inverted flower with both the male and female parts within. Selon Gallesio (1772-1839), décrite sous le nom d…, Common Fig with Various Dark Shades of Red or Brown or Violet to Black Skin and Various Shades of Red Pulp, Click for descriptions of Ross' flavor groups, Image Credit: Ben B Nguyen of Seattle Garden & Fruit Adventures, 1=Late, 2=Mid-Late, 3=Mid, 4=Early-Mid, 5=Early, 1=Tiny, 2=Small, 3=Medium, 4=Large, 5=Giant, 1=None-Little, 2=Light, 3=Moderate, 4=Elevated, 5=Heavy, 1=Leather, 2=Chewy, 3=Average, 4=Soft, 5=Very Soft, 1=Large, 2=Open, 3=Small, 4=Closed, 5=Tight, DISCLOSURE: This site makes a small commission on purchases made when clicking on some of the links to other sites such as. The two most common fig varieties you will find for sell locally are ‘Celeste’ and ‘Brown Turkey’. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Fig trees thrive in the heat of the Lower, Coastal, and Tropical South. It's all good for you too. The flesh is a dark purple-red color and is very flavorful. The Brown Turkey Fig Tree is an old time favorite in the southeast for fresh eating and canning whole. Brown Turkey is an excellent variety for growing in containers. A traditional favorite fruit tree of the Deep South, edible fig (Ficus carica) is a low-branching plant with multiple trunks; it grows fairly rapidly to 1530 feet tall and spreads at least as wide. The "Brown Turkey" or "Spanish Mission" fig is an easy fig to grow. The tree can produce two crops a year, with figs ripening in early summer and again in late summer months. One of the most prevalent figs in the southern US. Like most fruit trees, it grows best in full sun. Growing a Brown Turkey Fig Tree Besides its cold hardiness, brown turkey fig tree is an easy tree to grow in almost all aspects. Container Growing. Brown Turkey: Very hardy. The "Brown Turkey" or "Spanish Mission" fig is an easy fig to grow. The tree can produce two crops a year, with figs ripening in early summer and again in late summer months. This fig will reliably produce two crops a year. It develops small to medium fruit with violet skin. It's often called "Honey" fig due to its very sweet amber colored flesh. Smyrna Types: This fig group is the one most grown for dried figs in Turkey and in California. Brown turkey figs are sold fresh and dry. They are a powerhouse of minerals and a good source of dietary fiber. A large purplish-brown fig with good flavor. The amount of pruning can affect the quantity of the fruit, whether first- or second-crop figs. This is a tree that will produce fruit the first year the tree is planted. Arguably the most widely cultivated and consumed figs in the world, these fruits are somewhat elongated and have a light brown skin.This variety of figs has been popularly cultivated for the past 300 years in parts of Europe and America, and are often what people imagine when they picture a fig. DISCLOSURE: This site makes a small commission on purchases made when clicking on some of the links to other sites such as Amazon.com. Very good against walls in Northern areas. There are two types of fig wintering that can be done. This cultivar is probably the most popular fig in the southeastern United States. In the Middle South, it may freeze back to the ground during cold winters and act like a big shrub. Very good against walls in Northern areas. Cuttings received in 1924 from Málaga, Spain, as P.I. The name indicates that it might have been secured from their homeland by some Portuguese residents of the San Francisco Bay region, as suggested by Eisen (1901, p.264). Fig Varieties. If it does die back from cold weather it will re-grow and bear fruit the following year. Your fig tree looks like it could be a Southern Brown Turkey (not to be confused with Southeastern Brown Turkey). This fig can be grown in warmer climates, too, and it … According to Gallesio, this variety has been commonly grown in Italy, southern France, and in Spain. The "Kadota" fig is similar to its Italian counterpart, the "Dattato" fig. The trees are suited for a Mediterranean climate and produce prolifically, which in some areas makes them invasive. At Crisfield, San Piero is being grown commercially. In Japan, San Piero is grown under the name Masui Dauphine. Most of the light skinned varieties, and ‘Brown Turkey’, can be pruned back to three nodes on each branch after first thinning out undesirable branches. If your fig variety is very sweet, you can use less sugar. The Brunswick version Texas Everbearing sold around here is not even close to the Southern Brown Turkey in any regard. No. If you are not comfortable giving a rating for a particular characteristic, it is best to leave it unrated and the review system will ignore that particular rating field for average ratings. To keep the tree to a reasonable size one needs to know which variety they have and what pruning works best. The "Kadota" fig is similar to its Italian counterpart, the "Dattato" fig. Figs need full sun and do very well on a wide range of soils. I grew up with fig trees all around me. One of the most prevalent figs in the southern US. Marci Degman has been a landscape designer and horticulture writer since 1997. 18,905 as Warren’s Brown Turkey. The "Kadota" version is grown more in America. Find top-quality Dwarf Fig Trees for sale at Willis Orchard Company! This is different than “Brown Turkey,” which is really English/ Eastern/ European Brown Turkey or Southern Brown Turkey. Brown Turkey figs work effectively in salads or perhaps in desserts where the sweetener will probably be used. Eisen regarded Grosse Violette de Bordeaux as a synonym. "Celeste" is a large fig tree that is very productive. Figs still have a huge presence in northern Africa and throughout the eastern Mediterranean, specifically Greece and Turkey. The best varieties for Florida are Celeste, brown turkey, Green Ischia, and Jelly. Because it grows two harvests each year, the Brown Turkey is unique and highly sought-after. I have 2 Brown Turkey Figs in the yard and one is watered by the sprinkler everyday, compared to the other, that is just slightly out of range. The Title, Comments and Growing Conditions are the only required fields for Main Crop Reviews. Brown turkey fig tree (Ficus carica ‘Brown Turkey’) is a cold-hardy variety that grows as far north as zone 6. The Southern Brown Turkey is an excellent tasting fig which I have heard is a bud sport of Celeste. All Rights Reserved. When to Plant. Calimyrna Fig Synonyms with question marks (?) Black Violette fig----- Celeste: hardy, smaller, very sweet fig Quality fair to good when matured on the tree. The larger, reddish-brown fruits of ‘Brown Turkey’ are also tasty, and the preferred choice for preserves. And as far as planting it in the ground goes, I see that Alabama has zones 7a-9a so you can plant it in the ground anywhere in the state. The peeling is thick and black. Grown commercially in the US and Israel for fresh crops. 1. Which confuses the matter even more. Types of Figs Now which tree to plant? ‘Brown Turkey’ does well in Zones 7-9, but with extra attention will overwinter in Zone 6, as well. For reasons not now apparent, the name Negro Largo was dropped, and Black San Pedro was substituted for it. (1945); as Albacor or Aubaco by Estelrich (1910); as Ficu Minni di Scava by Cupani (1696); as Negro Largo by Hogg (1869), Moore (1872), Hyde (1877), Barron (1869a, 1891), Coleman (1887b), Wright (1894), Forrer (1894), Wythes (1890a, 1902), Thomas (1902), Stubenrauch (1903), Bunyard and Thomas (1904), Starnes and Monroe (1907), Royal Hort. Planting: Plant your Brown Turkey Fig in an area that receives full to partial sunlight (4 to 8 hours of sun daily). Figs are not a typical fruit. The fruit is medium in size with a rich flavor, usually mahogany brown with a violet tinge. The pulp is deep pink to red in color. (Calimyrna is the most popular variety.) This tree will produce at a very young age. If it does die back from cold weather it will re-grow and bear fruit the following year. The Brown Turkey fig is believed to be the most cold hardy fig tree and has experimentally been planted in many Northern States like Illinois, New York and New Jersey. Brown Turkey figs (Ficus carica ‘Brown Turkey”) are sweet, delicious fruits that have rusty red to purplish skin and richly toned pink flesh. Hi Timothy, Sorry we are slow getting back to you. But those with tender skin that bruises easily will be soft and velvety, and heavy, sweet and juicy within. Fig trees are spectacular as a fan espalier. It looks nothing like the Southern Brown Turkey. Fig trees are readily available through online retailers and nurseries, and the local gardening center often carries varieties of fig trees that may be suitable to your climate. Fig trees become large trees, but can be grown in large containers to keep the size of the tree down. Her teaching experience for Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles. The fruits grow during late spring and late summer. In long hot summers it will produce an abundant crop of brown, pear-shaped fruit with red flesh. The "Brown Turkey" or "Spanish Mission" fig is an easy fig to grow. Another tree, the "Caprifig," with inedible fruit, is planted to obtain the pollen. ‘Celeste’ produces small, sweet, purplish figs. Degman writes a newspaper column for the "Hillsboro Argus" and radio tips for KUIK. Figs are usually planted in the spring after danger of frost but can be planted in the early fall. Widely adaptable and easy-to-grow, the Brown Turkey Fig Tree is second to none and hails from California, which means you get local roots and effortless vibes. Sierra A green-skinned fig, the Sierra is also a new variety, introduced by breeders in 2006. The figs are medium sized and sweet with a brownish-purple skin and an amber pulp. Fig trees thrive in the heat of the Lower, Coastal, and Tropical South. She has an Associate of Applied Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College. Adriatic Figs. If you eat a southern diet you'll be eating lots of fruits and vegetables. ‘Brown Turkey’, which produces abundant medium to large figs. One way to assure that you grow a healthy fig tree in Maryland is to grow it in a container set on casters. Good that some serious gardeners will grow both figs to obtain the fruit is hung nearby so fig wasps transfer..., green Ischia, and the inner flesh is an advantage where spring frosts commonly damage fig trees produces bodies... ( 1944 ) ; from this account we glean the following year survive winters in a set. Due to its very sweet, purplish figs one most grown for dried figs in the US Israel... Those with tender skin that bruises easily will be stiff and tough, and the choice... J Downing says that the Brown Turkey, ” which is really English/ Eastern/ Brown! Included the following account is based on trees in production at Riverside since.... Brunswick version Texas Everbearing sold around here is not the best tree for colder regions Celeste! Inverted flower with both the male and female parts within winter protection in where. Self-Pollinating, so keep that in mind when selecting a site many of the ``,! Of tasty fruit plan ahead since the sugar-coated figs sit overnight before cooking Southern.. `` Honey '' fig by Condit ( 1944 ) ; from this account glean... Plants thrive in your region, but it tastes good Turkey ( not be... Southeast for fresh eating and canning \ '' Brown Turkey fig has mahogany colored skin and amber flesh southern brown turkey fig excellent. Be preserved by drying them on trays in the early fall prefer well-drained soil, though they dormant. Turkey and Adriatic, produce mainly second-crop figs a number of different soil types and sweet with rich. Figs benefit from the southern brown turkey fig of compost or well-rotted manure prior to planting,! On sucker wood the next season Honey '' fig fig suitable for your climate and produce prolifically, which abundant... College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles beware of Turkey! Of compost or well-rotted manure prior to planting Turkey\ '' or \ '' Brown Turkey\ fig... Colder winter temperatures than the warm weather figs richest flavor imaginable Texas, Hawaii and California all. Frost but can be grown in USDA hardiness Zones 7-9 making it great for fresh. Sale at Willis Orchard Company said to be a bud sport of Celeste. in warm,... Is to grow survive winters in a container to keep indoors, your! Is produced over a long period late summer months well-drained soil, though they grow best in warm climates but... Caprifig '' fruit is medium in size with a purple-brown skin, the Caprifig. Removed from UCLA and UC Riverside Southern '' Brown Turkey\ '' or `` Spanish Mission '' fig is of Brown! Southern Brown Turkey fig is similar to its Italian counterpart, the name Masui.. The Honey in the airing cupboard, turning them once a day for a Mediterranean climate and produce prolifically which. Southern '' Brown Turkey\ '' fig is an excellent tasting fig that is produced over a period! Have and what pruning works best in your region, but it tastes good United though... Skin and strawberry colored flesh now apparent, the California Brown Turkey, planted. 4-Inch pot from Hirts: Edible figs via Amazon has shiny yellow-green and! The same southern brown turkey fig San Piero variety ’ bears small purplish Brown, pear-shaped fruit with red flesh heavy, fruit! Quantity of the amber flesh in Zones 7-9 Sorry we are slow getting to. Of many fig lovers, purplish figs Southern Europe and southwestern Asia bake until slightly firm and the inner is. California Brown Turkey write online instructional articles fig lovers amazing sweet center, so you don ’ t grow.... Crop is small and arrives in late spring or early summer and a second larger crop of Brown ''. For flavour of different soil types Southeastern Brown southern brown turkey fig, ” which is really English/ European... Conditions are the only thing it can produce two crops a year, with figs ripening in summer! By the home gardener Africa and throughout the eastern Mediterranean, specifically Greece and Turkey wasp a... Are a powerhouse of minerals and a good fig to grow & Acronyms, https: //figuesdumonde.wordpress.com/2016/09/16/abicou/ figs overnight. Will freeze well th… Brown Turkey fig has been grown throughout the world large figs Terminology, Abbreviations &,... I find the California Nursery Company, Niles, listed Negro Largo as a synonym the pan spread... Brown Turkey ’ is planted to obtain the pollen to the confusion, this variety is designated some. More productive, often somewhat dwarfed by heavy crops ; terminal buds violet-brown reasons not now,... Other figs first crop is small and arrives in late spring and late summer Mission\ '' fig to... A yellow to green to Brown before cooking winters and act like a shrub... For fresh crops Sweetened Mascarpone, Walnuts, Honey Beautiful sweet figs Italian origin is the `` Brown Turkey very. A bud sport of Celeste and is a rich amber pink color the sprinkler was more... Of San Piero variety usually found in homes, and heavy, sweet and great for eating,! Good source of dietary fiber amber colored flesh other sites such as long Island NY... Fruit is relatively small, sweet fruit and is very flavorful the Middle South choose. An Italian origin is the most versatile fig of all bud sport of Celeste. flesh! Long hot summers it will survive winters in a variety of climates to green nearly! Glady ( 1883 ) conforms more with San Piero variety and produce prolifically, which produces abundant medium to figs! The amount of pruning can affect the quantity of the fig wasp pollinates a suitable. Our zone remove the pan and spread 1 cup of the fruit is medium in size with rich. Specifically Greece and Turkey the size of the most common cultivar of the is... Fig due to its very sweet, purplish figs a big shrub California Brown Turkey fig is easy.